CFP Historical and Contemporary Expressions of Populism in Africa and Beyond, Ann Arbor, November 2019

Friday, 31 May, 2019 (All day)
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University of Michigan African Studies Center (ASC) & the Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WiSER) at the University of the Witwatersrand

Call for Papers on the theme of  “Historical and Contemporary Expressions of Populism in Africa and Beyond”  

November 17-20, 2019, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

 

We invite faculty and post-graduate students -- especially, but not exclusively, from the Universities of Michigan and the Witwatersrand and other African universities --  to submit proposals outlining a contribution that they hope to make to the conference.

 

Several panels will be organized around the conference theme. Papers for these panels will be composed in advance and precirculated.  

 

Proposals should:

 

1.  Lay out the major themes of the author’s contribution in a paragraph, and  

 

2.  Describe, in a few sentences, the author’s biography.  

Proposals should be submitted to the on-line form available here by May 31, 2019.

Funding for this conference comes from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. All travel and subsistence costs will be covered by the organisers.

 

Rationale: Populism has re-emerged across the globe, displaying multiple, left and right leaning variants  and provoking complex engagements with the limits of liberal democracy. There is a new generation of populists on the African stage, offering contradictory and often disturbing visions regarding  Africa’s future. These movements all share an explicit invocation of the people as the source of political authority and radical change, which, it is important to acknowledge, has a long and distinguished political history everywhere on the continent. Some, including Julius Malema and the Economic Freedom Fighters in South Africa, have re-imagined concepts and policies linked historically to theories on the left, while others, such as David Bahati and the anti-gay campaigners of Uganda, have  advanced a deeply conservative and reactionary religiosity. These new forms of populism that are being expressed across the political spectrum invite careful analysis of the continuities and ruptures in African politics from the 20th to the 21st centuries, as well as the ways in which ideas and movements travel across national boundaries. Several contemporary populist movements are historically rooted in older movements on the continent, and those histories provide linguistic markers and affective registers for contemporary encounters. Yet the current brands of populism are also distinctive in their own right, rather than simply being a re-packaging and reiteration of national liberation.  As in the 1950s and 60s—the era of decolonization—when newly independent African states were sometimes confronted with populist movements that challenged their technocratic and nationalist frames, the failures of postcolonial developmental projects have provoked contestations today. Moreover, in the 1970s, African dictators drew on new media—radio and television in particular—to define for their audiences new modes of political and cultural belonging. Social media today is different from that period in reach and in tone, but it has made possible the creation of new spaces and organisational forms for politics. For example, aided by social media, social movements, especially queer and feminist organisations, have escalated in intensity and appeal over the past several decades, and these also shape the contours of populism. Their aspirations and objectives significantly inform  populist rhetoric, either acting as subjects of its many demands, or as the objects of derision.

 

This workshop will reflect on the cultural and political registers and infrastructures of populism in Africa (and elsewhere). What circumstances invite (some) people to see themselves as an oppressed majority? What work do authenticité and other nativist agendas do to clarify identities and marginalize minorities? What is the relationship between African forms of liberal democracy, and development in particular, and populism?  Are populist movements opening up spaces for new forms of gendered political performances? Finally, what lessons can be learned from the past as African and American democracies together confront a renewed wave of nativist enthusiasm?

 

About the Mellon-funded U-M/WiSER Partnership, “Joining Theory and Empiricism in the Remaking of the African Humanities”

The University of Michigan’s African Studies Center (ASC) and the Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WiSER) at the University of the Witwatersrand are in the final stages of a seven-year program of activity entitled “Joining Theory and Empiricism in the Remaking of the African Humanities: A Transcontinental Collaboration.” The program—which is generously supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation—has the goal of exposing scholars to the particular research philosophies—one theoretical, the other empirical—that are dominant in the universities of Southern Africa and North America. In the process we intend to strengthen and deepen collaboration in the study of the humanities at the universities of Michigan and the Witwatersrand. Our research projects in the context of this collaboration share three goals: first, to engage ambitious theoretical questions; second, to explore the boundary between the humanities and the social sciences; and third, to engage closely with the African continent in a manner that addresses an international scholarly audience. To date, we have organized 10 workshops (alternating between Johannesburg and Ann Arbor), on themes such as “Decolonizing Sites of Culture in Africa and Beyond,” “Intellectual and Cultural Life under Conditions of Austerity ,” and “The Filmic and the Photographic: African Visual Cultures.” The 11th workshop, on “Spatial Typologies” is currently being planned to take place in Johannesburg, in May 2019. These workshops have brought together over 300 scholars from 56 universities for in-depth discussion in the fields of the humanities and qualitative social sciences and have resulted in numerous new and ongoing collaborative projects, including edited volumes.